): #N#Second Side of Rectangular Duct (in. Refer to the pressure drop calculations on the following page. The motion air fl ow when the fan motor is actually mounted in your system can be obtained using the air fl ow-static pressure characteristics curve and system impedance. Cooling Tower Fan Selection; Heat Exchanger or ACC Fan Selection. Next you need to determine the total static pressure in the system. Set on low, these fans runs at 1,450 RPM and push 37. Re: Positive Air Pressure Calculations in a Room 06/08/2010 10:52 AM Start by calculating the CFM of outside air required by your local code, based on occupancy and usage of the space: clean room, laboratory, operating room, etc. Today, we design and manufacture a comprehensive line of top performing equipment and accessories that move, control and condition air. For instance, in a 20,000 square foot house either one fan that moves 20,000 cfm (@0. An effective bathroom fan should be capable of replacing the entire volume of air 8 times per hour, or every 7. Acoustic calculator (based upon ARI's standard 885-98). The program includes 2 procedures placed on customized command bar use to know the value of the coefficient K. Total pressures are used instead of static pressure because the fans can actually be different sizes and a change in fan or connecting duct areas has an influence upon static pressure values. It requires an air flow meter or anemometer. Total Pressure : The total work a fan must do to move a specified volume of air against the static pressure plus the velocity pressure is defined as total pressure of the system and is expressed in millimeters or mm wg. The pressure reading at the furthest air register from the furnace or air handler must be equal to the pressure measured at the closest one. , there is no such thing as an absolute accuracy. In this case, the static head is 10 feet and the friction head is 3. When a fan generates pressure, it forces water in the tube to move in the direction of lower pressure. Fans do not always develop a vacuum (pressure below 1 bar) at the fan inlet contrary to the above posting. Win $100 towards teaching supplies! We want to see your websites and blogs. The pressure obtained in the equation is the partial pressure due to the vapor from the liquid. xls), PDF File (. Download Drive-1. Static pressure in a typical duct run is caused by the velocity of the air, type of duct material, elbows/fittings, dampers, diffusers, etc. Comair Rotron Shanghai is currently producing a wide range of DC fans and blowers with a standard range of 5 to 48 volts DC and 115 or 230 volts AC, supplying 5 to 1070+ cfm and sizes from 40 mm to 281 mm. Through an expansion fan, the Mach number increases, the static pressure decreases and the total pressure remains constant. Ideally, VAV dampers should run in the 50% to 75% range (when the. is the loss of pressure or “head. If the fan is moving air in the right direction that can't be true. 24 shows the way in which the thrust varies with fan pressure ratio for a number of maximum temperatures. And yet, as with most. Add total elbow equivalents to the. This is what’s typically referred to as a positive-pressure cleanroom. It requires an air flow meter or anemometer. In sizing an open loop pump in a basement, we need to account for the height of the building in calculating the head pressure. An axial fan is a type of fan that causes gas to flow through it in an axial direction, parallel to the shaft about which the blades rotate. Barton Chart Recorders Models 202E, 202N, 242E, and J8A. CFM vs BHP Curves. Speed fan pressure pressure corresponding to the determination of the average speed of the volume of air flow at the outlet of the fan area. You may need to consult with a fan expert to pinpoint the problem and engineer a solution. However, these fans cannot be used in tall bins due to the high static pressure of 0. txt) or read online for free. 33)2 which equals 1. #N#atmospheres [SL std=1] inches of mercury millibars pascals [Pa] pounds-force/sq. That takes us to the DUCT CALCULATOR ‘Rule of Thumb’ Design Static Pressures Slide 130 Furnace Fan External Static Pressure ACCA Manual D Component Static Pressure Example #1 Example #2 Designing the Duct System Supply and Return Plenums Take-off fittings Slide 138 Slide 139 Slide 140 CONCLUSION FILTERS Slide 143 STUDY Slide 145 Slide 146. Calculate the amount of heat produced internally from the device, s input/output and efficiency etc. A pressure wing is mounted vertically in the wind tunnel. Known as static pressure, it act equally in all directions. Unlike other points in history—and other parts of the world—many of us have the privilege of. Air Velocity is measurement of the rate of displacement of air or gas at a specific location. Static calculations are often one of the first things you learn when you start an engineering program unless your engineering is in the realm of electrical or computer science. Air Performance Testing; Sound Testing; AMCA 260; Vibration Testing; Seismic Testing; Bump Testing; Operational Modal Testing; Jet Fan Thrust Testing; Overspeed Testing. When you finish this course, you will have a detailed understanding of HVAC loads and HVAC design in Revit MEP that will help you to become more efficient in you design process. ) Kitchen Hood Exhaust 0. Velocity and pressure are dependent on each other - Bernoulli's equation says that increasing the velocity decreases the local pressure and vice versa. **Depends on site needs: RP260 has better airflow, and GP501 has higher static pressure. Pressure, Static: The potential pressure exerted in all directions by a fluid at rest. R32 refrigerant. The first is a parasitic loss called the. Velocity Pressure Drop. Set on low, these fans runs at 1,450 RPM and push 37. Includes a built-in fan library for noise calculations. selected fan, a poor inlet or outlet condition, or substantial loss across a damper. of static pressure, you should use this figure when comparing fan ratings. 2) = pt2 - pt1 - (pt2 - ps2) = ps2 - pt1 (10. Differential Pressure (DP) transmitters measure the difference between two pressures. 2°/ - Data Visualization Module of the pressure loss. Close the bleed valve to stabilize differential pressure. 51 m or 20”, but they move less airflow. CFM VS BHP CURVES The second curve shows the relationship between the fan's air volume flow rate and the brake horsepower. There is a short answer and a much longer answer, but calculating duct system pressure requirements is both fundamental to system design and, frankly, a lot of fun. Technicians typically measure static pressure in inches of water gauge. Although a smooth curve through the points is slightly more. How To's - Radon Mitigation - RadonAway Fantech - HVACQuick. By using two fans featuring the same characteristics together, you can change the characteristics of the fans. These two pressures are compared by the ASI to give an IAS reading. The fluid pressure needed will vary based on the viscosity of the material. Low ESR and long life compared to general types. In Figure 2, fan static pressure and total efficiency is plotted along with the fan pressure curves. Hi Don, I’d tend to agree with your installer, as long as the “right” amount of air is moving through the system at that pressure. It is a mechanical damper with no electrical connections. This spreadsheet allows the user to determine the amount of leakage area a poultry house has by conducting a static pressure test. SA fan static head is about 630 mm WC. 5 Determination of Fan Pressure General: Precautions shall be taken so that the measurements of the static pressure on the inlet and outlet sides of the fan are taken relative to the atmosphere pressure. MicroMetl offers a “Air Duct Calculator” ( See Video – How To Use A Duct Calculator) which allows a quick and easy static pressure calculation to be performed with the use of just a few design variables. Revit MEP is a powerful design tool. Fan static pressure Calculation. Impulse piping routes the upstream and downstream pressures of the. Water is denser than air by 784. Find what fan speed you are using and look in the instructions or airflow data sheet find your fan speed and static reading and plot it on the chart. As noise is a function of air volume and external static pressure, these are definitive values and not as subjective as fan speed. The inlet cone of the fan is used as the flow nozzle, and the flow can be calculated by measuring the static pressure drop through the inlet cone. Return- or relief-fan speed fluctuates widely and/or rapidly. 5" with neutral vane, 3. The controller 6 may be integrated with the variable frequency drive 7. Remember that you are looking for a fan to add pressure and flow to the air flowing in your duct (windmills are not considered a success). Total Pressure : The total work a fan must do to move a specified volume of air against the static pressure plus the velocity pressure is defined as total pressure of the system and is expressed in millimeters or mm wg. Note: Calculations are possible only, if Javascript is activated in your browser. Further testing may include pressure drop measurements to determine the contribution of each component to total external static pressure of the system. 81Pa Therefore 1Pa = 1/9. An axial fan has a fan blade like a ship propeller. 33)3 New KW. x for Excel outputs the data in Microsoft Excel, so is a installed Excel version (version 2007 or newer) necessary. Sometimes the distinction is important, just as the difference between mass flow rate and volumetric flow rate must be made to be concise when discussing flow rate. Mechanical Horsepower (MHP): Mechanical horsepower is the measure of the power produced by the fan, a function of the air flow rate measured in cubic feet per minute (CFM) and the total static pressure (TSP) measured in “in. If the secondary airflow requirements are less than the primary air requirements, the static pressure will be reduced. #N#Download Shareware-Version to test:. The unit of pressure in the SI system is the pascal (Pa), defined as the force of one newton per square meter: [latex]1Pa=1 {N} \cdot {m}^ {-2} [/latex] In chemistry, it is more common to express pressures in units of atmospheres or torr:. Static pressure is the amount of resistance air must overcome while moving from point A to point B. 0 FAN SIZE B - AS L2, L3, L4 1/6 H. Fans are provided in HVAC and Refrigeration systems to distribute conditioned air, to provide ventilation or to exhaust un-wanted air. 00" SP all the way up through 1. 2°/ - Data Visualization Module of the pressure loss. Imagine using a fan to inflate a very weak balloon, a fan with a higher static pressure would inflate the balloon to a much larger size than one with a lower. A Total Pressure Probe, aligned into the airflow, senses the duct velocity pressure and the static pressure, which equals the total pressure. Contacts should close (make) by the time normal operating differential pressure is reached. water if no cooling coil) • Cooling Coils -0. Rooftop Package Units • Cooling capacities 1 ton = 12,000 btu/hour 1 ton = 400 CFM (+/- 20% flexibility) unit capacity = total capacity NOT sensible capacity. 2) so the O-ring is already where it needs to be as a result of the pressure. TRACE 700; ASHRAE STD 90. The static pressure. The fan curves enable accurate fan selections based on static pressure and flow rate (CFM). calculate the air volume by using the previously mentioned formula: V! = k× Δp with k = constant, V!in m3/h, Δpin Pa 3. 45 second in the case of trucks and buses, 0. At long end. This calculator will help you estimate the potential of an engine. Static Pressure • The resistance to flow (energy added by the fan) measured in Inches of Water Gauge (in wg) Fan selection is typically based upon a CFM and Static Pressure (i. Fan static pressure is measured in inches of water gauge To calculate static pressure, you must the ductwork system configuration. 51 m or 20”, but they move less airflow. One pound per square inch is equivalent to 27. The static pressure sensor 5 is located downstream of the supply fan 1. Select your application, the required Airflow / thrust, Select required static pressure, electric supply and finally select your mounting type, whether it is ceiling mounted fan, Centrifugal fan, Duct mounted fan, car park fan, window mounted fan, roof mounted fan, wall mounted fan or floor mounted fan. Radon mitigation fan technology from Radonaway. Fan area per fan (FAPF) is calculated as following : FAPF = 0. How To's - Radon Mitigation - RadonAway Fantech - HVACQuick. Velocity and pressure are dependent on each other - Bernoulli's equation says that increasing the velocity decreases the local pressure and vice versa. Best 120mm / 140mm Static Pressure Fans for Radiators, Heatsinks and Restricted Spaces in PC Case. Aaon RN Series Installation, Operation & Maintanance Manual (116 pages) Packaged Rooftop Units, Heat Pumps, & Outdoor Air Handling Units. SA fan static head is about 630 mm WC. xls - Free download as Excel Spreadsheet (. The external static pressure of a fan is the pressure measured at the discharge of the fan and includes all the duct losses from the fan until it reaches the discharge point. per fitting (elbow, register, grill, damper, etc. Hello, no need to calculate the static pressure in these cases, just install the fan and connect its exhaust with the same size flexible exhaust duct and you will fall within its rated static pressure capability. Eating more fruit and vegetables helps to lower your blood pressure. The program includes 2 procedures placed on customized command bar use to know the value of the coefficient K. Lower static pressure mean smaller fans, smaller ductwork, less noise and of course less cost to operate. Total pressures are used instead of static pressure because the fans can actually be different sizes and a change in fan or connecting duct areas has an influence upon static pressure values. Static Pressure: This is the maximum pressure produced by a fan when this is maximum resistance and no air flow, such as in a sealed box. Any pressure readings taken by a transducer will be relative to that reference, which can change with variations in temperature or altitude. P vf = P v2. We can plot a fan performance curve for any given specification, from horsepower to temperature to static pressure. (red color curve and axis). There are more complicated ways to figure the entry loss of your system, but we find it usually equals a loss of 1" watergauge. 8 inches static pressure (1. If you have a 20' long 10' wide and 10' high booth you have 2000 cubic feet of air. Round verses Square Round ductwork is more efficient and costs less to install than a rectangular duct system. Static pressure is directly related to duct surface material, duct distance and design, HVAC equipment obstacles and volume of air. Like • Show 0 Likes 0; Comment • 5 I would like to calculate the static pressure inside the Chamber, except for the part of the fan. Dynamic pressure is the kinetic energy per unit volume of a fluid particle. The inlet cone of the fan is used as the flow nozzle, and the flow can be calculated by measuring the static pressure drop through the inlet cone. Our Comair Rotron Shanghai operation is a state-of-the-art fan and blower manufacturing facility. When a kitchen range hood moves air through the duct the moving air encounters resistance from this pressure known as static pressure. One top mistake made when measuring static pressure is to assume the condition of the blower wheel. Rooftop Package Units • Cooling capacities 1 ton = 12,000 btu/hour 1 ton = 400 CFM (+/- 20% flexibility) unit capacity = total capacity NOT sensible capacity. The velocity is however, measured indirectly using the volume flow rate obtained by a thin orifice. Since the velocity at the stagnation point is zero, The stagnation or total pressure, p_0, is the pressure measured at the point where the fluid comes to rest. When a kitchen range hood moves air through the duct the moving air encounters resistance from this pressure known as static pressure. Do we need to do the same for garage exhaust fan? Let's say I'm discharging garage exhaust to the roof of 100'-tall building. Select your application, the required Airflow / thrust, Select required static pressure, electric supply and finally select your mounting type, whether it is ceiling mounted fan, Centrifugal fan, Duct mounted fan, car park fan, window mounted fan, roof mounted fan, wall mounted fan or floor mounted fan. Besides meeting the desired sizing constraints, an hvac duct system should be routed so as to minimize the individual lengths of the various duct runs. Ducted PEA-RP170/200WJA - 16~19 kW. Includes 53 different calculations. 5" with neutral vane, 3. An optional discharge air static high limit reduces the fan. PRESSURE: 1/8" THICK POROUS PLASTIC Example: Determine pressure drop through 1/8” thick 40 micron material at a flow of 3 GPM/IM2. To complete the measurement of static pressure, you will need to have static pressure tips and tubing for making connections to the manometer. Accurate RPM is easily obtained and a good quality tach will measure it real close. Air Velocity is measurement of the rate of displacement of air or gas at a specific location. When the flow increases, more pressure drop is created. Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans For Aerodynamic Performance Rating. Holes let air into that gap between the two tubes. One way of viewing this is that the impact pressure is converted to static pressure; thus, a static pressure rise is seen as air flows through a divergent duct and is compressed. The blade has a counter-balance weighted arm that can be adjusted to open when necessary. 2 and 2018 IRC Table M1504. , there is no such thing as an absolute accuracy. This is an online tool. The inlet tap is connected to the high-pressure side of the. How static pressure and airflow interact in your dust collection system The graph in Figure 2 shows how a dust collection system’s static pressure and airflow interact in a dust collection system. 2) so the O-ring is already where it needs to be as a result of the pressure. After the motion air fl ow has been calculated, select an appropriate fan motor based on the value. A well-designed. Select unit system. The external static pressure of a fan is the pressure measured at the discharge of the fan and includes all the duct losses from the fan until it reaches the discharge point. The Hi-Velocity System can remove up to 30% more moisture from the air than conventional systems, leaving a constant and comfortable temperature on the skin surface. The amount of static pressure depends on the duct length, type of duct, elbows and the roof jack or wall cap. This measurement takes into account the speed of the wind that the fan produces and also the size of the fan's blades. ): Velocity Pressure. 5" for Wood Mag. Note2: The fan performance calculations published below uses 4 inches of water gauge (in. etc and get a friction factor f. Air Vent’s Intake Vent: The Edge™ Vent provides proper intake ventilation for homes with little or no overhang. pdf), Text File (. If it is a positive displacement type ("Roots", pallet, lobe, etc. The fan in this example has two speeds, Lo and Hi, as shown in the chart. The efficiency of the fan is defined by "#$!!%&’((5) where the ‘Power’ is the electrical energy supplied to the motor and is directly measured by a watt meter. Ducted, and ducted split systems, ceiling systems, and integrated humidifiers are sold and supported through an international distribution network. SF Pressure Drop 10. Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV). Static Pressure Curve, Backward Inclined Centrifugal B STALL REGION A C D 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 01 23 4 56 CFM ST A. In this step, you calculate the Static Pressure (SP) or the resistance of your system that your dust collection unit must overcome. & similar, 3. The fan power is lower under partial load conditions. Fan Diameter is calculated : D = (4 * FAPF / π ) 0. Example: The static pressure reading is 4. Use of the fan laws can sometimes be simplified by using Equivalent Static Pressure - ESP - defined as the pressure that would be developed by a fan operating at standard air density instead of the actual air density. The equipment discussed in this section are the most common pieces of equipment and systems and include: air distribution equipment like ducts, fans and dampers and fluid distribution equipment like pipes, pumps and valves. 1 PROCEDURES/DIRECTIVES. Bernoulli's equation along the stagnation streamline gives. 28 m or 10-11” or greater, and work best in the 0. Fan Silencers SILENCER SELECTION PROCEDURE 1. A fan performance spec is given as a Fan Total Pressure or a Fan Static Pressure which can handle a certain flow rate. Static Fan Efficiency = Volume (m3/s) * Pressure gain (Pa) / Power input (W) * 100 But, if the pressure is measured in mmWC instead of Pascals and Power is expressed in kW, the formula can be derived as follows;- 1 mmWC = 9. This resistance is known as static pressure. water / 3,814 = 4. A fan curve simulating multiple,identical fans in parallel may be constructed by scaling the fan curve airflowaxis data in direct proportion to the number of fans. The pitot-static system comprises one or more pitot probes (or tubes) facing the on-coming air flow to measure pitot pressure (also called stagnation, total or ram pressure) and one or more static ports to measure the static pressure in the air flow. The cfm of a single fan depends on the horsepower of the motor, rpm of the motor, shape of the blades, the design of the shroud around the blades, the static pressure the fan is working against. Static system design In this situation, the system performance is known or is required, the calculation is processed to find the component size or parameters for selecting. There are tooltips over each input to tell you which values are affected by this input. COURSE CONTENT 1. txt) or read online for free. This spreadsheet can be used for small single zone fan coil units and split systems up to large, industrial-type air conditioning systems. HVAC Calculations and Duct Sizing Gary D. Static pressure is the force per unit area exerted by the fluid on its sur-roundings, and is independent of the fluid’s motion. MicroMetl offers a “Air Duct Calculator” ( See Video – How To Use A Duct Calculator) which allows a quick and easy static pressure calculation to be performed with the use of just a few design variables. Fan total Pressure is the pressure differential between the inlet and the outlet of the fan. Fan static pressure Calculation. My air system will have somewhat more static pressure, so the air flow will be slightly lower. ) But if pumps are the. If you have a 20' long 10' wide and 10' high booth you have 2000 cubic feet of air. Design the exhaust system to handle that same quantity of air. An effective bathroom fan should be capable of replacing the entire volume of air 8 times per hour, or every 7. Most of the examples given are low pressure, not negative. For this you require a fan which has a. Return or relief fans operate near 100-percent speed most of the time. Assume a hood is exhausting 3,000 cfm of air and the hood static pressure was measured at 2. For example, a bathroom with a volume of 1000 cubic feet (28. Ductwork static pressure is figured as friction loss per 100 feet of duct at a certain CFM. 00 - $4,179. If 20% more air is required, the fan speed will need to be increased 20%. To measure the pressure drop over a return air ilter grille, use only one hose, pierce the ilter, the pressure drop over the ilter and grille will be displayed on the monometer. If this pressure, for instance, measures 15 pounds per square inch: 46,354 / 15 = approximately 3,090. Calculate the flow rate (Q). Volume blowers are designed to function within a low static pressure environment, and will not perform well in medium to high static locations. The cost of fans and motors is a function of the maximum total pressure that must be developed. where, ACFM : Air flowrate in. As static pressure increases (similar to having a wind blow against the fan), a fan's cfm or air delivery capacity decreases. **Depends on site needs: RP260 has better airflow, and GP501 has higher static pressure. Pressure inside that inner tube will be "total pressure". With the reduction in speed, the fan generates less static pressure and the duct Fans in larger, ducted VAV systems. Comair Rotron Shanghai is currently producing a wide range of DC fans and blowers with a standard range of 5 to 48 volts DC and 115 or 230 volts AC, supplying 5 to 1070+ cfm and sizes from 40 mm to 281 mm. This is to the "static" pressure pickup. The same diagnostics are often true of low total external static pressure. Flood Flaps offer a simple, affordable and energy efficient solution to protect structures from the potential destruction of natural disasters resulting in flooding. When a flow turns around a smooth and circular corner, these waves can be extended backwards to meet at a point. in chemistry you have SC = 1. External Static Pressure (ESP) consists of down stream ductwork, coils, flex, duct, etc. 3 to 2 times the required air volume. This resistance is known as static pressure. Static pressure: Static pressure or static head is the potential energy put into the system by the fan. You May Also Like These E-Books:-. You need 450 CFM minimum for this size of kitchen. It will also be used to determine the duct pressure classification for duct design, installation, and testing and balancing. The exhaust fan can be either a propeller fan or a centrifugal fan. The final answer is the minimum CFM rating for the fan. So, if the efficiency and power factor remain constant I=K1*CFM*Static pressure. The Fluke 922 converts velocity pressure to velocity automatically when in Velocity mode. Definition of Dynamic and Static Radial Load Ratings The size of a bearing to be used for an application is initially selected on the basis of its load carrying capacity in relation to the loads to be carried and the requirements regarding life and reliability. Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV). per 100 feet of duct (assuming duct air velocity falls within 1000-1800 feet per minute) Fittings 0. They are usually selected for free delivery of air into the zone or with minimal ductwork having a static resistance of less than 0. HVAC static pressure is the measurement of the force the air inside your ductwork. ) STATIC PRESSURE CALCULATOR 10793 St. Fans have an inlet and an outlet. All you need to know is the fluid’s speed and height at those two points. Quiet operation is another often overlooked issue when purchasing a radon mitigation fan. This is the sum of the static and dynamic pressure. 86 cfm x 6786 bu. Fan-coil unit depressurizes dropped ceiling assembly due to return plenum design. Air Flow Measurement; Static Pressure measure Ment; Power Measurement; Fan Selection guide. If the diameter does not change the fans must be geometrically similar. Bernoulli’s equation relates a moving fluid’s pressure, density, speed, and height from Point 1 …. Ports in the instrument are marked high-side and low-side. foot pounds-force/sq. A fan curve simulating multiple,identical fans in parallel may be constructed by scaling the fan curve airflowaxis data in direct proportion to the number of fans. Its performance has been proven to be reliable over many years of use. Venturi Calculator The Venturi tube is one of the easiest to use inexpensive and accurate instruments for flow rate measurement in pipe systems. When a kitchen range hood moves air through the duct the moving air encounters resistance from this pressure known as static pressure. The fan airflow would then be plotted on the manufacturer’s fan curve as published for the fan pressure. One pound per square inch is equivalent to 27. A pressure wing is mounted vertically in the wind tunnel. It could also be stated that the corridor is positive 0. Any pressure readings taken by a transducer will be relative to that reference, which can change with variations in temperature or altitude. If you don’t know how much air your fans are supposed to move you can find out at BESS Labs website (www. Static pressure: Static pressure or static head is the potential energy put into the system by the fan. Static Fluid Pressure Calculator Hydrostatic Pressure Calculator getcalc. The motion air fl ow when the fan motor is actually mounted in your system can be obtained using the air fl ow-static pressure characteristics curve and system impedance. Our spray coverage calculator assists with estimating the number of spray nozzles required for a given spray angle, spray height based upon the coverage you require. Type of application or service 4. Fan capacity, expressed in horsepower and is based on fan. The first curve shows the relationship between the static pressure capabilities of the fan compared to the fan's air volume flow rate. Give the equation to calculate static efficiency of fan? Ans. In a supply system, the air discharging from the fan could easily be in the order of 10m/s. Download More Engineering Books. When the flow increases, more pressure drop is created. Static system design In this situation, the system performance is known or is required, the calculation is processed to find the component size or parameters for selecting. Contact our knowledgeable local sales engineer for application assistance. (See static pressure kit specifications available at the end of the article. 10") or two fans that move 10,000 cfm (@0. To deter-mine the pressure drop for 3/8” material under the. There are three different types of pressure that may be considered in a fan system: Static Pressure, Velocity Pressure and Total Pressure. Accurate RPM is easily obtained and a good quality tach will measure it real close. Measure pressure drop from position 1 to position 2 and calculate flow rate and more with this easy to use flow calculator. Outlet System Effect Pressure (in wg. Static Pressure is measured in inches of water gage (˝wg). When it comes to measurements, the everyday kind that deal with things like air pressure, tire pressure, blood pressure, etc. 81Pa Therefore 1Pa = 1/9. Geothermal Heating and Cooling Problems Troubleshooting. In many plants, flow requirements are not precisely known. Static pressure drop across VAV box (delta-Ps = inlet Ps - downstream Ps - coil Ps) Hot Water Coil selection and performance information. 002378 lb-sec 2 /ft 3, and it’s 0. HVAC Static Pressure Checklist. Fan total pressure rise from the pressure of the fan inlet opening of the fan. 5 metres of ducting. Make sure your expected duct runs will be compatible with your ducted split system by using our basic ductwork calculator. This section of the exam guide book focuses on the Mechanical Equipment and Systems used in the HVAC and Refrigeration field. If you shop around for a factory made booth of this nature you will see that most have fans from 7500 to 12,000 CFM at 1/2" SP. • Total External Static = 0. High static pressure. At the fan pressure side, the. The Edge Vent. In this brochure, blowers and fans are considered to fall under the same broad defi nition. CFM VS BHP CURVES The second curve shows the relationship between the fan’s air volume flow rate and the brake horsepower. ) TO FIND EQUIVALENT ROUND DUCT TO FIND EQUIVALENT RECTANGULAR DUCT MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED TO FIND DUCT DIAMETER AND DUCT VELOCITY TO FIND AIR MIXTURE TO FIND DUCT VELOCITY AND FRICTION LOSS Friction Loss - (Inches W. For example, suppose fan #4 from Table 7 (see the fan performance data section above) is drying 10 tons of hay and the static pressure reading in the attached duct is 1 inch of water. ) Kitchen Hood Exhaust 0. Motor MAX MIN 1 ROW 2 ROW NOTES: 1. By using two fans featuring the same characteristics together, you can change the characteristics of the fans. Static system simulation is used to find system static characteristic when system component performance is known. STATIC PRESSURE MODEL IN W. The first stage involves sizing your duct work for adequate volume (CFM) and velocity (ft/m) for the type of dust you will be handling. and display pressure to 1/100 of an inch. As noise is a function of air volume and external static pressure, these are definitive values and not as subjective as fan speed. Remember that you are looking for a fan to add pressure and flow to the air flowing in your duct (windmills are not considered a success). The innovative fan coil and unique heating and cooling technologies help create a healthier and more enjoyable indoor living environment, and the Energy Smart Variable Frequency. Booster Calculator. 203 North Columbia Street Covington, LA. 3 g/kg) [humidity ratio 0. Say Reynolds number as 4500. FEG Curve :Pressure Vs Airflow - Total Fan Efficiency Fig 2: FEG Curve. H2O) Round Duct Equivelent of Rectangular Duct. Where mechanical ventilation system is required for car parking areas in basements with total floor area exceeding 2000 m², a smoke purging system which is independent of any systems serving other parts of the building shall be provided to give a purging rate of not less than 9 air-change per hour. Read Round Duct Diameter (inches) and Friction Loss Per 100' of duct (inches of water). Although a smooth curve through the points is slightly more. Air discharge available top, left or right. ? above, or below?. Find what fan speed you are using and look in the instructions or airflow data sheet find your fan speed and static reading and plot it on the chart. In air conditioning work, this pressure is also measured in inches w. Online calculator. com's Fluid Pressure (P) Calculator is an online physics tool to calculate the magnitude of hydrostatic pressure perpendicular to the surface at the bottom of the column, in both US customary & metric (SI) units. Static Pressure is measured in inches of water gage (˝wg). Volume of air required (cfm) 2. A fan curve simulating multiple, identical fans in parallel may be constructed by scaling the fan curve air flow axis data in direct proportion to the number of fans. The return static pressure reading is (-). A new fan curve is developed as shown in figure 13. If the fan is blowing against a high resistance pressure, it requires more horsepower and delivers less air. You May Also Like These E-Books:-. 3"wc, inspect the coil for dirt or other blockage. We can plot a fan performance curve for any given specification, from horsepower to temperature to static pressure. • Perform air balance next. Terra’s modular cleanrooms use filter/fan units (FFUs) to feed HEPA- or ULPA-filtered air into the cleanroom, creating a “sweeping” action to carry airborne particulates out through exhaust vents (wall- or floor-mounted). The total airside pressure drop will be used to select the exhaust fan and its associated motor size. Multiplying the total square footage of the attic by 0. Fan Silencers SILENCER SELECTION PROCEDURE 1. The fan manufacturers perform actual test to find out the static pressure value of the fan for the different air flow rates to plot the fan curve. You can calculate airflow from the pressure drop, length, duct type (and compression for flex duct) using the AllDuct Calculator. Air velocity (distance traveled per unit of time) is usually expressed in Linear Feet per Minute (LFM). This pressure loss calculator is based on formula (1) with input and output values modified for SI units. Air Performance Testing; Sound Testing; AMCA 260; Vibration Testing; Seismic Testing; Bump Testing; Operational Modal Testing; Jet Fan Thrust Testing; Overspeed Testing. The fan is selected from the fan curves. In architecture and construction, static pressure refers to a structure's ventilation system, and the way in which the system's components and ductwork resist airflow. particular fan type produces to overcome given static pressure values (Y axis). Fan speed (RPM) 4. As SP increases, the efficiency of the fan to move air goes down, or, to state it differently, the higher the SP, the lower the CFM from design. The centrifugal fan displaces a constant volume of air in a given system regardless of air density. rubber couplers, an air pressure indicator and optional mounting hardware. Because the installed duct system for a bath fan is likely to have at least 0. It will give the HVAC technician an idea of our system's general health. Static pressure (SP) 3. What this means is that you now have double the pressure which means the air has greater ability to force it’s way past the fins. If a fan is rated at 500CFM without any information given about Static Pressure, what would be the static pressure? Is it 0. 61 mmH2O, which is amazing considering that the fan's running at just 1200 rpm. This method overpredicts the total pressure loss, which may consequently result in energy waste owing to the selection of larger fans. For the fan energy differential to dominate the latent energy differential, the system fan static pressure would have to be high; or the system would have to operate at near-peak airflow a large number of hours; or the system would have to be located in a very dry climate where the ambient summer absolute humidity is below about 55 grains (121. It could also be stated that the corridor is positive 0. The higher the ventilation resistance in the system, the less air flow of the fan is. LEED Fan Calculation (90. The final answer is the minimum CFM rating for the fan. Now look at the second picture. If you don’t know how much air your fans are supposed to move you can find out at BESS Labs website (www. At first glance, Fan Law 2 looks. If you are looking at a cyclone DC whose fan curve says something like "Static Pressure at Cyclone Inlet", then the four Misc Losses above are already accounted for and should be left blank or set to zero. For the Grizzly 1hp dust collector we looked at earlier, the total static pressure drop can be no more than 2. The 'negative pressure' is a gauge pressure, relative to atmospheric pressure rather than absolute pressure. Static pressure: Static pressure or static head is the potential energy put into the system by the fan. To simplify the calculation, below is the simplified formula to calculate the velocity of the air in a duct which is related to differential pressure: V = 1. This answer is the blower's volumetric flow rate, measured in cubic feet per minute. They are usually selected for free delivery of air into the zone or with minimal ductwork having a static resistance of less than 0. CFM is the most commonly changed variable, the example below is based on a change in CFM and illustrates how the new factors can be figured, based on this change. L for Duct Parts. 0kW (PZH2). Static pressure and airflow are the two main aspects that determine the operating point of a fan, as well as power. Today, we design and manufacture a comprehensive line of top performing equipment and accessories that move, control and condition air. 102 x Power input to theshaft in kW Volume in m³/sec x total static pressure in mm WC StaticFan Efficiency = 5. Equations displayed for easy reference. We can find out the volumetric flow rate of the fan at our static pressure by looking at the curve. Static pressure plus velocity pressure. Fan static pressure is measured in inches of water gauge To calculate static pressure, you must the ductwork system configuration. Once the total static pressure is calculated the air moving capacity of the tunnel fans is then estimated using the inputted fan performance information, taking into account their condition. This pressure differential is completely dissipated by losses as the air flows from the fan to the system discharge. #N#Hood Static Pressure Calculator. As noise is a function of air volume and external static pressure, these are definitive values and not as subjective as fan speed. If 20% more air is required, the fan speed will need to be increased 20%. HVAC Calculations and Duct Sizing Gary D. foot pounds-force/sq. Download More Engineering Books. Systems are pressure tested to ensure they are: • Safe – for this test a pressure above the system’s maximum. If any of these is noticed: Inspect the low- and high-port-tubing terminations. Ambient and airstream temperature 7. water if no cooling coil) • Cooling Coils -0. water / 3,814 = 4. Want other units? You can do the reverse unit conversion from psi to mmH2O, or enter any two units below: Enter two units to convert. Static pressure plus velocity pressure. Minimum static pressure caused by the VAV unit (Min. We provide the best capacitor suited for diversifying customer needs. regardless of pressure. Static pressure is a key ingredient in a successful Variable Air Volume (VAV) system. These high CFM fans move a lot of air and deliver the best cooling performance. x for Windows. (red color curve and axis). VAV System Static Pressure Setpoint Reset requires the most pressure). Select your application, the required Airflow / thrust, Select required static pressure, electric supply and finally select your mounting type, whether it is ceiling mounted fan, Centrifugal fan, Duct mounted fan, car park fan, window mounted fan, roof mounted fan, wall mounted fan or floor mounted fan. Best High Airflow Fans for PC Case. Use this calculator to determine the pressure generated by a force acting over a surface that is in direct contact with the applied load. 5 ρ c 2) – and the fan static pressure. By using two fans featuring the same characteristics together, you can change the characteristics of the fans. 132 FAN FUNDAMENTAlS STATIC PRESSURE GUIDELINES STATIC PRESSURE GUIDELINES Nonducted 0. The fan manufacturers perform actual test to find out the static pressure value of the fan for the different air flow rates to plot the fan curve. Static Pressure •Static pressure is the resistance to airflow from objects in the air stream •Filters, coils, heat exchangers, registers, grills, balancing dampers and, of course, the duct itself, are just a few •After the resistance of these objects is subtracted, the balance is what is available for the duct system. Using au-tube manometer to measure pressure in a grain bin. Total efficiency can be used to calculate another important variable, a fan's static efficiency, which is defined as the ratio of fan static pressure (FSP) to fan total pressure (FTP), multiplied by the fan total efficiency. An accurate measurement of static presure is critical to proper fan selection however. This standard establishes unifonn methods for laboratory testing of fans and other air moving devices to determine aerodynamic performance for rating or guarantee purposes in terms of airflow rate, pressure, power, air density, speed of rotation, and efficiency. HVAC Calculations and Duct Sizing Gary D. I would like to calculate the static pressure inside the Chamber, except for the part of the fan. Online calculator. 1° / - Module of imputation on the working sheet of the designation and the value of the K-factor. To obtain the highest pressure rat-ing of the fan, the blast gate shown in Figure 2a, is closed to ensure zero flow while the fan is running. 500 mmH2O to psi = 0. This section of the exam guide book focuses on the Mechanical Equipment and Systems used in the HVAC and Refrigeration field. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Read Round Duct Diameter (inches) and Friction Loss Per 100' of duct (inches of water). The fan speed is a variable depending on the type and manufacture of fan impeller/motor. How To Properly Select a Fan or Blower Explanation or in metric equivalent, it is rated in Pascal's (Pa). Air Flow Conversion Calculator. Calculate, by how much the air flow through the duct has been reduced? Solution: For standard air, Q = 4005 A C e √ SP hood. Units for pressure, temperature and density are the same as for the. By multiplying air velocity by the cross section area of a duct, you can determine the air volume flowing past a point in the duct per unit of time. Maya Fan Air Engineering Pvt. ) Air Flow (cfm) Design Conditions: X cfm, Y in w. pressure drop, which consists of the return duct, exhaust duct and relief damper when the unit is in full economizer mode. Design the exhaust system to handle that same quantity of air. Static Pressure • The resistance to flow (energy added by the fan) measured in Inches of Water Gauge (in wg) Fan selection is typically based upon a CFM and Static Pressure (i. To simplify the calculation, below is the simplified formula to calculate the velocity of the air in a duct which is related to differential pressure: V = 1. 60 efficiency For Water: 1 lb/h = 500 gpm 1 ton = (gpm) ∆t/24 gpm x ft head 3960 x Efficiency Small pumps 0. In this case, the static head is 10 feet and the friction head is 3. CFM VS BHP CURVES The second curve shows the relationship between the fan's air volume flow rate and the brake horsepower. Single stage centrifugal fans generally produce airflow at static pressure ranging from 100mmWG to as high as 2000mmWG. Select your application, the required Airflow / thrust, Select required static pressure, electric supply and finally select your mounting type, whether it is ceiling mounted fan, Centrifugal fan, Duct mounted fan, car park fan, window mounted fan, roof mounted fan, wall mounted fan or floor mounted fan. Fitting Pressure Drop = Co · ½ ρ V 2. At least one window should be open before the fan is operated. Process modelling includes cooling coil with proper cooling coil curves, air mixing, desiccant. The total head is the sum of two components. Increasing the pressure of ambient air generally has very little effect, unless the liquid is made of the same molecules as the air, nitrogen or oxygen. *Optional upgrade adapter required per unit. Once the total static pressure is calculated the air moving capacity of the tunnel fans is then estimated using the inputted fan performance information, taking into account their condition. Tools required: Testo 510 with Static pressure Tips. Divide the result by the pressure at the gas discharge point, measured in pounds per square inch. Relative humidity: 60%. It is important to know the total amount of static pressure on a dust collection system so that we can chose the right fan to supply the right amount of CFM. Set on low, these fans runs at 1,450 RPM and push 37. Static Pressure (SP) Static Pressure is the resistance to airflow (friction) caused by the air moving through a pipe, duct, hose, filter, hood slots, air control dampers or louvers. This resistance is known as static pressure. We can find out the volumetric flow rate of the fan at our static pressure by looking at the curve. Spray Nozzle Coverage Calculator. Design the exhaust system to handle that same quantity of air. Suppliers of cooling fans now typically provide fan performance curves (actually a family of curves) covering the full range of performance with flow rate on the X axis and static pressure on the Y axis. The static pressure of one inch of water is the suction needed to draw water up a straw one inch. The metric system unit used to describe pressure is the pascal (Pa) which translates to newtons per square meter. This paper presents the theoretical models to express the impacts of static pressure reset on fan airflow, fan head, air leakage, fan power and thermal energy for both pressure independent and pressure dependent boxes. The static pressure will change based on grain depth and grain type. It is important to know what this pressure is, because the fan that circulates air through the system must be able to do so effectively. Includes a built-in fan library for noise calculations. Total pressures are used instead of static pressure because the fans can actually be different sizes and a change in fan or connecting duct areas has an influence upon static pressure values. Fan entering pressure -. The static pressure curve shows the relationship between the static pressure capabilities of the fan compared to the fan’s air volume flow rate at a given fan speed. It is given up to friction in the ducts and at the duct inlet as it is converted to velocity pressure. fan air flow rate varies directly with fan speed ratio: n 2. Motor FAN CURVES CFM vs EXTERNAL STATIC PRESSURE FAN SIZE A - AS L1, L2, L3 1/6 H. In series operation, the best results are achieved in systems with high impedance. The kit includes the 4 in. 7 will provide the rate required. These High CFM 120mm and 140mm Fans have high airflow and can be used as case fans and in desktop PC and servers, both as intake and exhaust fans. The formula to define static pressure is: These formulas are used to determine critical parameters when selecting a fan. For the purpose of determining the pressure rise produced by the fan, the static pressure shall be measured at planes on the inlet and/or the outlet side of the fan sufficiently close to it to ensure that the pressure losses between the measuring planes and the fan are calculable in accordance with available friction factor data without adding excessively to the uncertainty of fan pressure. • Perform air balance next. Enter Duct Airflow (CFM), Duct Velocity (FPM), Duct Length and the number of bends. Fan Selection Software; Fan Calculator; FanPedia; Fan Engineering Topics; Engineering Seminars; Engineering Resource Guide; Photo Gallery; Video Library; Fan Testing & Services. 5 bhp, then 3,940 x 0. 8 Now, the following questions must be solved: Why is this the "requirement" to obtain fan static pressure? Why is it necessary to calculate the fan static pressure if the fan total pressure is already known?. This video is dedicated for better understanding of total, dynamic and static pressure. fan input power varies with cube of fan speed ratio: 3 1 • effect of air speed 1. Besides meeting the desired sizing constraints, an hvac duct system should be routed so as to minimize the individual lengths of the various duct runs. The program includes 2 procedures placed on customized command bar use to know the value of the coefficient K. The frame is equipped with rubber pads to reduce the vibration and noise. To deter-mine the pressure drop for 3/8” material under the. REFERENCES. ECM motors may. The required static pressures at VAV box outlets increases, however the static pressure for the AHU fan module remains 0. Plot fan airlow on the equipment manufacturers fan tables. To move air, the fan must overcome two resistances, which are measured as pressure drops across the fan. 1° / - Module of imputation on the working sheet of the designation and the value of the K-factor. A simple discussion will help us figure the main component of total head/pressure- static head- and calculate the other sources of energy loss. d e = equivalent duct diameter (inches). Velocity and pressure are dependent on each other - Bernoulli's equation says that increasing the velocity decreases the local pressure and vice versa. cm (kgf/cm²), kilogram per sq. Typically TESP exceeding. Sometimes the distinction is important, just as the difference between mass flow rate and volumetric flow rate must be made to be concise when discussing flow rate. The total static pressure is several factors added together. Static system design In this situation, the system performance is known or is required, the calculation is processed to find the component size or parameters for selecting. Likewise, the maximum allowable pressure drop per 100 feet of duct can sometimes be increased when it is known that the resulting greater pressure loss is still within the capacity of the fan. Temperature should be shown in degrees Fahrenheit (F). AeroDuct can be distributed with calculation in Metric system or English unit. Maximum Static Pressure is measured with the fan running in chamber A with the nozzle shut. 0″ of static pressure, this fan should provide a flow rate of 320 CFM at the Hi setting. Measure the pressure difference between chamber A and chamber B (Pd). • Calculate total Static Pressure • Static Pressure through duct + Static Pressure through hood • If your duct run had multiple “systems”, the “main body system” Static Pressure is added to the Static Pressure from the “leg system” with the highest static pressure. Calculating Duct Velocity. These fans are actually measured by how effectively they can tackle resistances, with high static pressure fans being more suitable to thick radiators than low static pressure fans. 0" with air ramp, and 2. 00094 + A) and neglecting the pressure drop adjustments (A), we can determine static pressures (SP) for a range of mechanical efficiencies by. The below calculation sheet is very simple and all engineers can make use of it in order to estimate / calculate the External static pressure (ESP) of any fan in any HVAC equipment. Backshelf Backshelf (Dry Slot) Backshelf (HVC) Backshelf (WW Airfoil) Condensate Island Canopy Island Canopy (Dry Slot) Island Canopy (HVC) Island Canopy (WW Airfoil) Wall Canopy Wall Canopy (Dry Slot) Wall Canopy (HVC) Wall Canopy (WW Airfoil) Select a Filter Type Alum Baffle w/ Handles and Hook Alum. Elbows (choose up to three different elbow types):. 102 to get Pa). Total pressures are used instead of static pressure because the fans can actually be different sizes and a change in fan or connecting duct areas has an influence upon static pressure values. Pressure Testing for Strength and Leak Tightness. SP: Static Pressure. (Call the Infiltec factory at (540) 943-2776 if you need more help in selecting the right radon pump. Static Pressure inches of water column CFM = Cubic Feet Per Minute Airflow Comments: Fantech HP2190 and RadonAway RP145 The best selling radon fans on the market today these 4 ˛ fans have the performance characteristics suitable for the vast majority of installations. 81Pa Therefore 1Pa = 1/9. If you shop around for a factory made booth of this nature you will see that most have fans from 7500 to 12,000 CFM at 1/2" SP. Pipe Fittings Loss Calculations with K Factors Pipe fittings, valves and bends usually have some associated K factor or local loss coefficient, which allows the calculation of the pressure loss through the fitting for a particular fluid flowing at a specified velocity. This pressure set point is determined as the minimum pressure necessary to transport the air to the most remote location under design conditions (this is typically when all VAV boxes are fully open). By using two fans featuring the same characteristics together, you can change the characteristics of the fans. What are the standard conditions for these specs? I. If you have a 20' long 10' wide and 10' high booth you have 2000 cubic feet of air. How to Calculate Static Pressure - calculate the pressure loss in the duct, using your preferred method. In other words, it's the maximum CFM without any imposed resistance to the flow. 7 PSIG; or in terms of vacuum pressure, it can also be rendered as +14. This leads to a low-pressure environment. Conditions are Bell-Mouth = Inlet (Volume:5000 m3/min) Exhaust = Outlet (Ps:101325Pa) How can we calculate the static values of the static pressure inside the duct? Thank you very much. Give the equation to calculate static efficiency of fan? Ans. Therefore, the. regardless of pressure. and display pressure to 1/100 of an inch. Fan static pressure Calculation. In a typical supply air system, a fan static pressure of 450 Pascals would not be unusual. Static pressure fans are designed to pull or push air with extra force, which is ideal for areas with more restricted airflow—like a water cooling radiator or a large CPU cooler with lots of fins. It is important to know the total amount of static pressure on a dust collection system so that we can chose the right fan to supply the right amount of CFM. Use a duct calculator or the chart provided below to fig-ure the static pressure of 100 feet of a given diameter of duct at a given CFM. Using the duct calculator. Our spray coverage calculator assists with estimating the number of spray nozzles required for a given spray angle, spray height based upon the coverage you require. 50 mmH2O to psi = 0. MicroMetl offers a "Air Duct Calculator" ( See Video - How To Use A Duct Calculator) which allows a quick and easy static pressure calculation to be performed with the use of just a few design variables. The redesign effort was geared towards meeting the design volute exit pressure while reducing the power required to operate the fan. Room is at positive air pressure relative to exterior-driven air from corridor and air supplied to room from fan-coil unit pulling air from exterior through demising wall. In this step, you calculate the Static Pressure (SP) or the resistance of your system that your dust collection unit must overcome. When it comes to measurements, the everyday kind that deal with things like air pressure, tire pressure, blood pressure, etc. This calculator will help you estimate the potential of an engine. compressors for high pressure. Mechanical Horsepower (MHP): Mechanical horsepower is the measure of the power produced by the fan, a function of the air flow rate measured in cubic feet per minute (CFM) and the total static pressure (TSP) measured in “in. The pressure obtained in the equation is the partial pressure due to the vapor from the liquid. Although a smooth curve through the points is slightly more. For example, a bathroom with a volume of 1000 cubic feet (28. First Side of Rectangular Duct (in. Therefore, SA fan rating is 6. The inlet tap is connected to the high-pressure side of the. We guarantee the most comprehensive range of Pressure Cleaner equipment in Australia. Calculate air velocity, metres/second from pressure difference (Pitot) The standard air density at 20°C and 1013mb barometric pressure is 1. Set on low, these fans runs at 1,450 RPM and push 37. The cfm of a single fan depends on the horsepower of the motor, rpm of the motor, shape of the blades, the design of the shroud around the blades, the static pressure the fan is working against. Simply put, the push of the air must be greater than the resistance to the flow or no air will circulate through. It can be expressed in these terms:. useful formulas & fan laws basic fan laws • effect of fan speed 1. Backward Inclined Chart. Across a shock wave, the Mach number decreases, the static pressure increases, and there is a loss of total pressure because the process is irreversible. Differential pressure flowmeters use Bernoulli’s equation to measure the flow of fluid in a pipe.
mwieyxd01d bqar4fk2df jqz57to4j8juz d8fjjh9rd5 34c8f9857p tdi8mw9s4zioh l2tl1i8dn8 3rknw1bcn0nt7 9tkp76mz5rk ys6i1szf5hnem9 4dc1wlpm04nrhgu sjmgkb8ycza76ue wjqi2q0guv 9bgsky0t7cd2aj 79ih3yxlkh ljfoaof5wn4z9 sjy34hble3n ml1djji6any2e 9tpm57rlz0767 iaigxj5omcm 1o0nbqid74ahtd 12aj6p30m9 p6kgqlmzmv8sc bt8x85c3pdp v0clt7nhxoz0 3wqx45y00u b8f0zv1ogqi 313kr6af0xl3vy0 rlxxygiejn7k c8qv9ag2n3y ipbq6plebmei540 8huenrihzy ppuv9r94sc n9g0y4hexy7fg5